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How to Get Certificate of Incorporation

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Incorporating your business isn’t just ticking a box—it’s a game-changer! By turning your business into a legal entity separate from yourself, you open the door to some really exciting opportunities. Imagine this: your personal assets are protected, you can attract serious investors, and making deals becomes smoother. It’s like giving your business a superpower to build trust and credibility in the market. So, if you’re dreaming big and aiming high, incorporation might just be your next best move!




Legal Recognition: Grants businesses a distinct legal identity, separate from their owners.

Limited Liability: Protects the personal assets of the shareholders by limiting their liability to the extent of their investment.

Access to Capital:
Enables the corporation to raise capital through the sale of shares.

Credibility and Trust:
Enhances the company’s credibility with customers, suppliers, and investors.

Perpetual Existence:
Allows the corporation to continue existing independently of its owners’ involvement.


What is an incorporation certificate?


An Incorporation Certificate, also known as a Certificate of Incorporation, is an official document that marks the birth of a corporation. This certificate is issued by a government body, such as the Registrar of Companies. The document includes essential details about the corporation, such as its name, the date of incorporation, and the unique identification number assigned to it by the government.


How do you get a certificate of incorporation: an overview


Choose a Business Name: Select a unique name for your corporation and ensure its availability.

Prepare Documentation:
Draft the necessary documents, including the Articles of Incorporation.

Submit Application:
File the incorporation documents with the relevant government authority.

Pay Fees:
Pay the required filing and registration fees.

Receive Certificate:
Upon approval, receive the Incorporation Certificate confirming your business’s legal status.


How to get a certificate of incorporation: preparation steps

Step 1: Choosing the type of company


If you are wondering how to obtain a certificate of incorporation, it’s essential to decide on the type of company that best suits your business needs. There are several types of companies you can choose from, including:


Private Limited Company: Ideal for small to medium-sized businesses looking to limit the liability of shareholders and attract venture capital.

Public Limited Company: Suitable for larger businesses that intend to raise capital from the public by issuing shares.


One Person Company (OPC): Designed for solo entrepreneurs who want to benefit from limited liability while maintaining full control over the business.


Limited Liability Partnership (LLP): Best for professionals and service-oriented businesses seeking a flexible partnership structure with limited liability.


Sole Proprietorship: Perfect for small, single-owner businesses that want to operate with minimal regulatory requirements (though this does not provide limited liability).


Step 2: Conducting name availability checks


Once you’ve chosen the type of company, the next step in how to get an incorporation certificate is to select a unique name for your business. Conducting a name availability check is crucial to ensure that your chosen name is not already in use by another entity. Here’s how to go about it:


Brainstorm Names: Come up with a list of potential names that reflect your brand identity and values. Make sure they are unique and relevant to your business.


Check Availability and Compliance with Naming Rules: Use the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) website in India or the equivalent regulatory body in your country to search for existing company names. The search tool will help you determine if your desired name is available or if it conflicts with an existing entity.


Reserve the Name: If your chosen name is available, you can reserve it for a certain period while you complete the incorporation process. This step is essential to prevent others from registering the same name during this period.


Trademark Search: When you are learning how to get an incorporation certificate, It’s also advisable to perform a trademark search to ensure that your chosen name doesn’t infringe on any existing trademarks. This step helps avoid legal issues down the road.


Obtaining DSC and DIN + Name reservation and approval


Post ensuring the availability of the name you wish on the incorporation certificate, you are required to follow up with the following:


Digital Signature Certificate (DSC): Directors must obtain DSCs to sign electronic documents filed with the RoC. This ensures the authenticity of the documents submitted online.

Director Identification Number (DIN): Directors must apply for DINs, which are unique identification numbers required for directors of Indian companies.

Name Reservation and Approval: Reserve the company name using the RUN (Reserve Unique Name) service or SPICe+ form for private limited companies. The name approval process ensures that the proposed name complies with MCA guidelines.


Filling out forms


Now, we come down to form filling:


SPICe+ Form (For Private Limited Companies)

The SPICe+ (Simplified Proforma for Incorporating Company Electronically Plus) form is an integrated application form used for incorporating private limited companies in India. It combines multiple processes into a single form, making it convenient for entrepreneurs to initiate their business registration.


FiLLiP Form (For LLPs)

For Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs), the FiLLiP (Form for Incorporation of Limited Liability Partnership) form is used to initiate the registration process. This form serves multiple purposes related to the incorporation of LLPs.


Instructions for Completing Forms


Accuracy: Ensure all details provided in the forms are accurate and match the supporting documents submitted. Inaccurate information can lead to delays or rejection of the application.

Gather all necessary documents, such as identity proofs, address proofs, MoA, AoA, and proof of registered office address, before starting the form-filling process.

Online Submission:
Forms like SPICe+ and FiLLiP are submitted electronically through the MCA portal. Follow the portal’s guidelines for uploading documents and completing the submission process.

Payment of Fees:
Calculate the applicable fees based on the authorised capital or other criteria specified by the MCA. Pay the fees online through the portal using digital payment modes.


By understanding these details and following the instructions carefully, entrepreneurs and business owners can navigate the process of filling out SPICe+ and FiLLiP forms effectively. These forms are designed to streamline the incorporation process, ensuring compliance with legal requirements and facilitating the establishment of new businesses in India.


Final step of how to get an incorporation certificate: submission and payment


After completing the forms:


  • Submission: Submit the forms along with necessary documents such as identity proof, address proof, and Memorandum of Association (MoA) / Articles of Association (AoA) to the RoC electronically through the MCA portal.
  • Payment of Fees: Pay the requisite fees online to process the incorporation application. Fees vary based on the company’s authorised capital.

Verification and Approval


  • RoC Verification Process: The RoC verifies the application, ensuring all statutory requirements are met. This includes scrutinising documents and details provided in the application.
  • Approval Timeline: The approval timeline varies but generally takes around 5-7 working days, depending on the workload and jurisdiction of the RoC.

Receipt of Incorporation Certificate

Upon approval:


  • Email Confirmation: The Incorporation Certificate is typically issued electronically and sent via email to the registered email address of the company.
  • Physical Certificate: A physical copy of the Certificate may also be dispatched by post to the registered office address of the company.


Post-incorporation formalities


After receiving the Incorporation Certificate, companies must complete several post-incorporation formalities:


Obtaining PAN and TAN: Apply for Permanent Account Number (PAN) and Tax Deduction and Collection Account Number (TAN) from the Income Tax Department.

Opening Bank Account: Open a bank account in the name of the company using the Incorporation Certificate and PAN.

Registering for GST: Register under the Goods and Services Tax (GST) regime if applicable, to commence business operations legally.


Seamlessly incorporate your Business 


Obtaining an Incorporation Certificate is a significant milestone for any business, marking its official recognition as a legal entity. By following the outlined steps and fulfilling the necessary requirements, companies can smoothly navigate the incorporation process in India. This article provides a structured guide to assist entrepreneurs and business owners in understanding the crucial steps involved in obtaining an Incorporation Certificate and formalising their business operations effectively.

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